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OSE6447 - Attosecond Optics

Introduction of the forefront of attosecond optics research. Topics include the fundamental theories and latest journal publications.


Frontiers in Attosecond Optics



OSE 6349 Applied Quantum Mechanics for Optics and Engieering OR PHY 5606 Quantum Mechanica I; AND OSE 6111 Optical Wave Propagation, OR PHY 5346 Electrodynamics I


Course assignments/exams:

11 homework assignments. 30 pts from the 10 best homework grades (lowest one is dropped).

3 tests. 30 pts from the 2 best exam grades (lowest one is dropped).

Final exam. Comprehensive. 40 pts


Grading procedures:

A: 90-100 pts

B: 80-89 pts

C: 70-79 pts

D: 60-69 pts




Zenghu Chang, “Fundamentals of Attosecond Optics,” Taylor and Francis,

ISBN: 9781420089370

Course description

This course is offered to introduce the graduate students to the forefront of attosecond optics research. The materials covered include textbook chapters that explain the fundamental theories as well as some latest journal publications. Lab tours will be offered for connecting the theories to the experiments. We will challenge students on the problems that yet to be solved by the scientists in this field.



Chapter 1 Linear and nonlinear pulse propagation

1       Description of short pulses in the time and frequency domain

2       Linear dispersive materials, prism pair and grating pair

3       Perturbative nonlinear pulse propagation: hollow-core fiber and filamentation

4       Nonperturbative phenomena: high order harmonic generation and attosecond pulses

Chapter 2 Attosecond beam propagation

2.1 Scattering factor and index of refraction

2.2 Photoionization ionization and phase shift

2.3 XUV beam focusing and diffraction

2.4 Attosecond chirp compensation

2.5 Comparison between femtosecond and attosecond pulses

Chapter 3 High power femtosecond pulse generation and characterization

3.1 Mode-locked oscillator and frequency comb

3.2 Chirped pulse amplification

3.3 Hollow-core fiber compression

3.4 Femtosecond FROG and SPIDER

3.5 Pulse shaping

Chapter 4 Carrier-envelope phase stabilization

4.1 Carrier-envelope frequency offset and carrier-envelope phase

4.2 f-to-2f interferometry and ATI phase meter

4.3 CEO and CEP stabilization

4.4 VUV frequency comb

Chapter 5 Attosecond optical pulse generation

5.1 Amplitude gating

5.2 Two-color gating

5.3 Polarization gating

5.4 Double optical gating

5.5 Phase-matching and quasi-phase matching

5.6 KeV sub-attosecond pulse generation

Chapter 6 Attosecond pulse characterization

6.1 Attosecond Streaking



6.4 Attosecond SPIDER

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