Giving to CREOL CREOL, The College of Optics & Photonics

Faculty Candidate Seminar: "‘Handy’ nanophotonic tools: probing molecular chirality with metamaterials and optical forces" by Yang Zhao

Friday, May 4, 2018 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM
CREOL Room 103

Yang Zhao, Ph.D.
Stanford University

Abstract:

Chirality is fundamental to many physical, chemical, and biological systems, impacting processes as diverse as pharmaceutical-cell interactions to the evolution of species. Measuring molecular chirality is especially important to synthesize chiral compounds, study enzymatic interactions, and understand dynamic protein folding and DNA hybridization. Current methods to measure molecular chirality rely on ensemble techniques such as circular dichroism spectroscopy. However, these techniques require large analyte concentrations and relatively long integration times. Measuring molecular chirality at the few-to-single molecule level and in real time remains an outstanding challenge.

In this talk, I will discuss how light can be sculpted with engineered nanostructures to enhance chiral light-matter interactions. With these nanostructures, we have developed metamaterial biosensors and optical force nanoscopes to detect and visualize molecular chirality with high sensitivity and resolution. Specifically, we have designed a multilayer twisted metamaterial sensor which can detect down to zeptomoles of proteins within milliseconds. Additionally, we have developed a metamaterial-enhanced atomic force microscope to image chiral optical forces with nanometer spatial resolution and piconewton force sensitivity. We use this technique to measure the chirality of DNA molecules, approaching the single molecule level. These studies provide a foundation for new sensing and imaging techniques at the single molecular to cellular level in-situ and in real time.

Biography:

Yang Zhao received her PhD degree from the University of Texas at Austin, where she studied with Professor Andrea Alù in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Her dissertation “Bio-inspired Nanophotonics: Manipulating Light at the Nanoscale with Plasmonic Metamaterials” undertook both computational theory and experimental realization of metamaterials as flat optical elements to manipulate light-matter interactions at the nano-scale. After graduation, she joined Professor Jennifer A. Dionne’s lab in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University as a postdoctoral fellow. At Stanford, her research focuses on developing a new generation of plasmonic optical tweezers for directly manipulating molecules and the first optical force spectroscopy tool for mapping three-dimensional chiral force-fields. She is a coauthor of 24 papers in peer-reviewed journals, and a recipient of the Michael H. Granof Outstanding Dissertation Award (from the University of Texas) and Carl E. Anderson Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Award (from the American Physical Society).

For additional information:

Bahaa Saleh
besaleh@creol.ucf.edu

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